Collective energy switching schemes put power back in the hands of the people when it comes to gas and electricity prices. Find out more…
High gas and electricity bills and the huge profits that energy companies seem to keep delivering have been a source of enormous frustration for UK consumers.
We all need to keep the heating and the lights on, and many have been left feeling there's nothing they can do other than somehow find the extra cash to keep paying the ever-rising bills.
There are, of course, energy money-saving tips you can follow to keep the costs down and shopping around for gas and electricity - considering small energy suppliers as well as the big six - helps to keep competition in the market.
But we've also seen the rise of a more innovative way to keep the pressure on the fat cats and to deliver power into the hands of the people… collective energy switching, which began with government backing in 2012.†
"Collective switching revolutionises the idea of switching energy provider," said Gocompare.com's Ben Wilson.
"Using the collective bargaining power of heaps of customers means that you could potentially secure a better deal on your gas and electricity."
Collective switching is when a large group of people (a 'community') uses its collective purchasing power to negotiate its own tariff with energy suppliers.
This gives the group the potential to secure more attractive deals than those advertised to the wider market.
A collective switch typically works in the following stages:
Almost any group can found an energy-switching community.
It could be led, for example, by a price comparison website such as Gocompare.com, a newspaper, a local council, or a combination of such groups.
Look out for advertising flagging up new collective switches and remember that the offer will only be open for a limited period of time.
The more people the group leader(s) can attract to its community the greater its negotiating power will be, meaning that larger communities will have more chance of getting access to market-leading deals.
If an insufficient number of people are attracted in the registration, the collective switch may go no further.
To register, you're likely to be asked to fill in some basic details such as your current tariff and estimated energy usage.
This information can be found on an energy bill and is the sort of thing you'd need if you were searching for a new tariff through a comparison site.
No. When the group organiser knows the size and nature of its community it will negotiate the best deal it can with energy suppliers.
Community members will typically then be able to see the collective switch deals on offer against regular tariffs on the market and will be free to decide whether to take the collective switch, to change to another tariff on the market, or to stick with their existing deal.
Collective bargaining and haggling power are the main reason why good deals can be secured as energy suppliers bid to win the community's business, but the unique nature of each collective switch also allows for the targeting of niche areas.
An energy supplier may be targeting a particular demographic or user group, or may just be seeking to meet targets for customer numbers
When the registration process is complete the community leader will know the size of the collective, plus important information about things such as locality, age and type of meter.
An energy supplier may be targeting a particular demographic or user group, or may just be seeking to meet targets for customer numbers, so could offer highly attractive terms that other suppliers may not want - or be able - to match.
As just one example, regional energy prices can vary significantly. It may be that a particular supplier will want to claim market share from a rival in a certain part of the country and will consequently offer a tariff likely to attract customers from that region.
The collective switch leader may offer its community a range of 'winning' tariffs including, for example, various regional winners, or winning prepaid meter tariffs.
Another reason for the attractiveness of collective switches is that energy firms can use them to get around rules that limit the number of tariffs they have available.
In a move designed to simplify the market, regulator Ofgem implemented legislation that only allows energy suppliers to have four main tariffs (this restriction may be abandoned in the longer term following criticism of the way it works).†
When an energy supplier changes any of its four main tariffs it needs to tell all its existing customers, who may be alerted to a better deal.
Many of the bigger suppliers make huge profits from long-standing customers who never tend to switch.
Such customers are typically on the most expensive standard tariffs, and if they were alerted to the fact that much cheaper deals were available from the same supplier they would be much more likely to move, cutting off the supplier's source of easy profits.
While small, challenger energy suppliers used to regularly win community business, there's now much more competition from the big six in this area, meaning that almost any energy firm could be the choice for the collective switch.
After a collective switch ends, if you haven't taken up one of its tariffs you'll no longer have access to the rates that were negotiated.
Remember that a successful community leader is already likely to be organising the next community switch, which may be planned for a few months down the line.
If you've signed up previously, you'll probably be notified of this through the community's marketing channels.