A heart condition may affect the validity and premiums of all your insurance policies, including travel, car and health insurance.
If you're unlucky enough to suffer from a heart problem, it's not just your health insurance that might be affected.
Whether you’re buying car insurance, health insurance, travel insurance or life insurance, your health can influence the premium you pay or even restrict the cover available to you.
A cardiovascular diagnosis is very common; the British Heart Foundation estimates that seven million people fight heart-related health battles every day.†
Remember, a heart condition can raise your premiums regardless of the type of insurance you’re buying.
Lying about medical conditions is likely to invalidate any claim that you make.
If you're diagnosed with heart problems when you already have health insurance in place, you may be able to get faster access to treatment and a wider choice of therapies.
You'll also be able to choose your consultant and hospital for treatment.
However, if you already have a heart condition when you take out a health insurance policy, you'll have to disclose it as a pre-existing condition.
To establish your present health, past conditions and your family’s health, you’ll be asked a series of questions at the quote stage.
It’s usually here that the insurer will ask you generally about your health, or specifically about cardiovascular abnormalities.
Take reasonable care to disclose any heart diagnoses you’re aware of, which may include any of the below and more†:
If you have one of these conditions, usually the insurer will probe for further information about your present health and ongoing treatment:
If an insurer decides your heart health presents a greater chance of a claim, they may raise your premiums, but affordable policies may still be available if you shop around.
Some insurers may not be able to cover a pre-existing heart condition, but you may still be able to get cover than excludes your specific pre-existing condition.
Holidaying with a heart condition necessitates careful planning.
To avoid aggravating a pre-existing heart problem, travellers would usually avoid scaling Mont Blanc, baking under the Sahara sun or shivering through a sub-zero Moscow winter.
Even if the terrain is flat and the climate mild, you may still have troubles with your heart - the right travel insurance will help with medical care overseasand even cover an early flight home if your condition flares up.
However, be aware that any pre-existing health conditions will need to be declared and can push up the cost of your cover.
Get your travel insurance cover in place as soon as you book your holiday:
If the cover is too expensive, you can ask the insurer to ignore your pre-existing condition, but you should consult with a doctor first.
You can lower the excess to help reduce premiums.
If you’re travelling in Europe, a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) will lay on certain medical treatments for free or at a reduced cost, but won’t cover all aspects of your care and travel needs.
The card will still be valid even as the UK makes arrangements to leave the European Union (EU).
There are conditions under which the DVLA grants a driving licence, and these can change if you’re too unwell to drive.
For instance, if you regularly lose consciousness due to an irregular heartbeat, your ability to drive safely is compromised.
Every heart condition differs in its severity and may influence your capacity behind the wheel - your doctor will advise if you should be driving, need to take a break, or should contact the DVLA to update your driving licence.
If there’s any condition that stops you from driving and changes the terms of your licence, your insurer will need to consider the details before renewing or setting up a car insurance policy.
Tell the DVLA about extreme heart abnormalities, particularly if you have a ventricle or atrial defibrillator, or a pacemaker fitted.†
If you’re involved in an accident and haven’t told the DVLA about a heart condition, you could be prosecuted and fined up to £1,000.
Life insurance will pay out a lump sum to help support your loved ones if you die while the policy is in force.
How much you pay for life insurance can be affected by pre-existing conditions, particularly if they're life-threatening, but an insurer may not ask about your heart condition at the quote stage.
Read the terms and conditions carefully before taking out a policy and notify the insurer about your condition or any family history of cardiovascular problems.
You may be offered a policy without exclusions - where you pay an increased premium to cover the greater risk - or a policy with exclusions, where you aren’t covered for death resulting from your heart condition.
Heart valve replacement or repair with surgery may be included and if you add critical illness cover to your policy, you may also be able to claim in the event of a heart attack.
Your insurer may not cover you for the insertion of a pacemaker, or a cardiac arrest following substance or drug abuse.
You may also find it tricky to claim cover if you have a defibrillator fitted without first having a cardiac arrest.
Income protection insurance pays your monthly salary if you’re too sick to work, but if the illness is pre-existing, it’s unlikely to pay out should you need to leave work.
However, read your documentation carefully; some insurers will define ‘pre-existing’ as a condition you have suffered within the 12-months prior to buying the policy.
It may pay out if you leave employment due to pre-existing cardiovascular issues but you’ve been free from symptoms, treatments or medical consultations for a set period of time prior to the claim.